If we seek a “new” religion that valorizes science and exalts human forms of consciousness, the Epic of Evolution fits the bill. But if the goal is to foster ethical sensibilities that encourage reverent and responsible coexistence with the natural world and its myriad beings, the evolutionary epic stands on much shakier ground.
The resurgence of creationism in the 1980s changed the way that biologists debated the tenants of evolutionary theory. In the last two decades of the twentieth century, Stephen Jay Gould debated with other well-known evolutionists over the potentially subversive nature of his unorthodox views.
All we know, or think we know, about the nature of reality is dependent on the complex biological interface that is our brain.