If we seek a “new” religion that valorizes science and exalts human forms of consciousness, the Epic of Evolution fits the bill. But if the goal is to foster ethical sensibilities that encourage reverent and responsible coexistence with the natural world and its myriad beings, the evolutionary epic stands on much shakier ground.
The notion of God-given dominion over the Earth has been the underlying logic to justify exploitation and general disinterest in the wellbeing of the Earth.
The second half of this article looks at how different modern bee-investigators have interpreted the beehive-utopia linkage in drastically different ways depending on their own political inclinations, as well as how contemporary scientists are continuing to, in a perhaps qualitatively new way, dream with bees of a better world for humans and other living things.
We humans love to tell ourselves stories about how, at some point in the future, our society will be made perfect—that is, about a place called utopia.