Even after the establishment demonized something as pseudoscience, there could be a path to legitimacy of a certain sort, and even orthodoxy.
The Pirate Bay four were charged both criminally, for enabling copyrighted materials to become illegally available, and civilly, for financial damages allegedly experienced by the plaintiffs.
Orthodoxies help to create consensus and form communities of authority. But they also determine what questions we can legitimately ask.
True empathy sans self-serving intentions, Williams says, would manifest “not in saying ‘I know how you feel,’ but ‘I have no idea what you feel.’”
Rowan Williams argues that empathy understood as the capacity to respond to the suffering of another person risks over-appropriating the experiences of others.
Our ability to peer into the human brain with new technologies can sometimes lead to researchers to exaggerate the insights they’ve gained into the human experience—particularly religious experiences.